Volcanoes of Yemen (11 volcanoes)Bir Borhut | Harra es-Sawâd| Harra of Arhab| Harra of Bal Haf| Harras of Dhamar | Jabal el-Marha| Jabal Haylan
Yemen forms the southwest corner of the Arabian Peninsula and is located at the triple junction between 3 rifts: Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea and the Eastern African Rift. This is one of the most active tectonic plate boundaries. Volcanic eruptions in the region are related to the Afar hot spot and the rifting process.
|Bir Borhut volcano is an active, but almost unknown volcano in eastern Yemen near the Gulf of Aden. Old documents tell of volcanic activity in the 10th century, and it was reported to have still been "smoking" in 1813. [more]|
|Harra es-Sawâd volcano (also spelled Shuqra) is a volcanic field in southern Yemen. It contains about 100 cones that have produced young lava flows.
There are reports about an eruption in 1253 AD, but it's possible that there were more recent eruptions that went unnoticed.... [more]
|Harra of Arhab|
|Harra of Arhab volcano is an active volcanic field ca 30 km north of the Yemen's capital Sana'a.
The volcanic field of stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and lava flows covers about 1500 sq km, and has last erupted between 400 and 600 AD when it produced a cinder cone and a 9 k... [more]
|Harra of Bal Haf
|Harra of Bal Haf volcano is a small volcanic field about 100 km SW of the city of Al Mukalla in southern Yemen along the along the coast of the Gulf of Aden.
At least one basaltic lava flow is probably of historical age. [more]
|Harras of Dhamar|
|Harras of Dhamar volcano has its name from a large lava field around the town Dhamar 100 km SE of Yemen's capital Sana'a. The lava flows belong to a large volcanic field, stretches 80 km to the east and consists of young stratovolcanoes, cones, and basaltic lava flows overlying o... [more]|
|Jabal el-Marha volcano is an isolated ca. 250 m high tuff cone 11 km south of the capital Sana'a in Yemen. Little is known about this small volcano. [more]|
|Jabal Haylan volcano is a 75 km long chain of volcanic vents, cinder cones and lava flows, located about 70 km east of Yemen's capital Sana'a.
The latest eruption from Jabal Haylan must have occurred less than about 3000 years ago. [more]